Melodies can move in four different ways:  
STEPS, SKIPS, LEAPS, and REPEATS

Steps, skips, leaps, and repeats are called intervals.
 

STEPS:


A line note steps to the space right above it or below it.  A space note steps to the line right above it or below it 

These notes are moving upward by step.

 

This melody moves upward and downward by step.


SKIPS:
A skip is when a space note skips over one line to get to the space right above it or below it. It moves space to space.

-or-

when a  line note skips over one space to get to the line right above it or below it. It moves line to line.

These notes each skip over one space. They move upward by skip



LEAPS:

Notes that are separated by more than just one line or one space are said to move by leap.



REPEATED TONES:

Repeated notes share the same line or space. The same note appears 2 or more times in a row.  
The same notes must be directly next each other to count as repeated tones. 


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